WHAT IS THE BUTA?
("bouter" [bu:tə], puta) – is a type of decorative patterns looks
alike to almond or bud. It is prevalent decorative element of
Azerbaijani Ornamental Art. It is assumed that Buta is an adornment
which belongs to Fire-Worship Age. Buta was widely used in the
carpet of Baku, Karabakh, Ganja, Nakhchivan, Salyan, Mugan, Ardabil,
Tabriz, as well as in the interior design of buildings and other
patterns of the art. Buta was widespread in the decorative and
applied art of Central Asia and Middle East countries (on the tirma
shawl (a kind of thin woolen stuff) of India, on the textiles and
manufactured products of Iran.
All forms of "Buta" are divided 4 groups:
“Buta” forms used in the decoration of
carpets (“Mugan-buta”, “Salyan-buta”, “Khila-buta”, “Baku-buta”,
“Buta” forms represented a family life (“Bala-buta”
(Child-buta), “Hemli-buta”, “Balali-buta” (Buta having a baby),
“Evli-buta” (Married-Buta), “Goshaarvadli-buta” (Buta with two
“Buta” forms having symbolical meaning (“Jygga-buta”,
“Lelek-buta” (Plume-Buta), “Kusulu-buta” (Buta taking umbrage at
somebody or something), “Govushan-buta”, (Joining buta),
“Yazili-buta” (Written buta);
This group includes different forms of
“Buta”: “Saya buta” (Monochrome buta), “Eyri-buta” (Curved
buta), “Dilikli buta” (Cogged buta), “Givrim buta” (Curly buta),
“Shabalid-buta” (Chestnut buta), “Zarkhara-buta” (Brocade buta),
“Badami-buta” (Almond-shaped buta), “Gotazli-buta” (Buta with
pompons), “Chichekli-buta” (Flowery buta), “Yanar-buta” (Burning
buta) and etc.
“Buta” forms having symbolical meaning became richer from time
to time by motives with different contents and forms.
The following definitions were shown in the explanatory
dictionary of Azerbaijan (page 331, Baku, 1966)
- Buta –
- Small decorative pattern looks alike to
almond on cloth, small grill shape.
- Buta – (persian – “bouter” [bu:tə])
Earthenware crockery (or crockery, made from fireproof material)
to melt gold, silver.
Note: “Buta” ornament is widely using under the name of
“Paisley” all over the world at the present moment. Also, this
ornament is noted as origin of Persian-Sefevi in the article
by name “Paisley” at Wikipedia, Internet Encyclopedia.
Buta is a beauty, a value which belongs to us. It is always a crown
of our art and our literature. There is smoothing of our
grandmothers, sign of our history on it. Unfortunately, the most
people don’t know that this ornament has “Azerbaijani-Turkish”
origin. It is our civic duty to take possession of Buta and to
promote it finely.
Let’s assume of our Buta!
Visit the dedicated page to Buta on Facebook